Definition of Periodontal Gum Disease?
Periodontal Gum Disease
Periodontal disease is untreated bacterial growth in your mouth that leads to bone, tooth, and gum loss. It is also known as gum disease or gingivitis. Early periodontal disease is not painful and has no real signs. That is why it is important to have regular dental checkups so that early stages can be detected and stopped right away. If you don’t catch periodontal disease early, it will eventually cause pain, as well as painful and costly procedures to fix your gums and jawbone.
Causes Of Periodontal Disease
Even a mouth just cleaned by the dentist has bacteria and bacteria is the reason for periodontal disease. The bacteria combines with food particles and mucus to form plaque. This plaque is colorless and sticky and covers our teeth. When we brush and floss, most of the plaque is removed. However, plaque that is not removed become hardened into tartar. Tartar can only be removed by a dental professional. Gum disease occurs when the tartar is not removed.
What Common Symptoms Are Associated With Periodontal Gum Disease?
If you have inflamed gums, periodontal disease isn’t necessarily the culprit. In fact, there are some specific symptoms to be on the lookout for when it comes to the condition, including:
- Gums – Periodontal disease can cause gums to bleed, become red, swollen, or tender, or cause gums to recede too.
- Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
- Changing Structures – Upon the onset of periodontal gum disease, teeth are likely to become loose or shift and deep pockets are likely to form between the teeth and gums.
4 Risk Factors For Periodontal Disease
Sometimes teeth are too damaged to fix and must be covered with a crown. Here are 8 reasons your dentist may recommend a crown for you:
- Smoking – Smoking causes an abundance of plaque, making it less likely that you will be able to remove it all by brushing and flossing. Regular dental check-ups are necessary to remove the resulting tartar if you are a smoker.
- Medication – Antidepressants and heart medications are known to cause dry mouth. Dry mouth leads to an abundance of plaque and causes other oral health issues. If you have to take these medications, talk to your doctor about ways to improve dry mouth.
- Hormones – Women and girls are more prone to gum disease because of fluctuating hormones. When hormones fluctuate, gums become more sensitive and more likely to experience gum disease.
- Diabetes – Diabetes causes a higher chance of infections including infections in the mouth, leading to periodontal disease.
How Is Periodontal Disease Treated?
The treatments for periodontal gum disease greatly differ depending upon the extent of your condition.
If your issues aren’t yet severe, you can turn to non-surgical treatments like professional dental cleanings or scaling and root planning, which involves deep cleaning that is done under administration of a local anesthetic.
When periodontal disease is in its more advanced stages, you might have to turn to surgical options to restore oral health. These treatments might include bone or soft tissue grafts, guided tissue regeneration, bone surgery, or flap surgery and pocket reduction surgery.