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Your mouth, like other areas the body is swarmed with films of bacteria, which without proper dental hygiene may lead to several oral infections including tooth decay.

A recent study suggests that approximately 50 percent of adults in the United States alone have some type of gum problems, gingivitis being the most common disease.


Credit: Inspiredentalgroup

Gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums is an early form of gum disease that occurs when plaque accumulates on the teeth.  The plaque tends to reform quickly even when it is removed through regular brushing and flossing. While gum problems arise largely from the build-up bacteria, associated with poor dental care, certain factors such as pregnancy, chronic illness and a weak immune system can also contribute to gum disease.

It does not only affect your mouth, but will bring about serious complications affecting other sections of your body and contribute to a variety of health conditions including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and rheumatoid arthritis.

Early Signs of Gingivitis.

The disease show no signs of symptoms and rarely cause pain during the initial stages, therefore it is extremely important to take a note of the following while brushing and flossing to spot early signs of the problem.

Red and Inflamed Gums.

One of the first symptoms is soft and swollen gums, which is usually painless and people choose to ignore it a sign of the trouble. However, the gum inflammation can result in more severe issues, if left untreated.

Bleeding Gums.

Does your brushing and flossing end with gum bleeding? If the answer is yes, then it’s an alarm that you have unhealthy gums that could lead to more unfavorable conditions. Some of us ignore the bleeding as a sign of aggressive brushing, therefore to avoid any confusion apply minimal pressure to see if there are still signs of blood.

Receding Gums.

Gingivitis is often defined as a non-destructive type of periodontal disease and if no measure taken to address the issue, it can progress to periodontitis. Gum recession, characterized by longer teeth owing largely to the exposure of more of the tooth, could also be a sign of periodontitis. The condition involves damage to the underlying tooth support structure, appearing as recession. Some of the major signs of periodontal disease include bad breath and gum abscess.

The bacteria that penetrate the teeth and jaw bones eat away at the bones and tissue, resulting in loosening of teeth and tooth loss. In addition to this, the toxins can spread to the bloodstream and cause heart strokes.

Gum Care.

Proper dental care and oral hygiene entails brushing and flossing your teeth one to three times per day. It is recommended to use an electric toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste for better results. It is also equally important to maintain a healthy diet and to get the proper nutrients – calcium to nourish the teeth and gums. Cigarettes and tobacco must be avoided.

Besides all the points mentioned, have your teeth professionally cleaned and necessary dental check-ups at least twice a year.