"People Love Us On Google"

1470+ Google reviews

New patients Welcome! Extended hours!

Top 5 Factors that Can Increase Your Risk for Gum Disease
December 21, 2022  |  Periodontal Gum Disease

Top 5 Factors that Can Increase Your Risk for Gum Disease

Gum disease is a major issue affecting many people's overall health. It starts with mild symptoms but can quickly become severe if left untreated. The good news is several factors can increase your risk for gum disease, and you can take steps to reduce them. In this article, we’ll discuss the top five factors that can increase your risk for gum disease and how to reduce or manage them. We’ll also discuss some symptoms you should watch out for and when to see a dentist for help. With these tips, you can take control of your oral health and ensure your gums remain healthy for years to come!

Poor Oral Hygiene

Poor oral hygiene is one of the most critical risk factors for gum disease. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on your teeth. If you don’t remove plaque, it turns into calculus (tartar). Brushing and flossing help remove plaque before it turns into tartar.

If you don’t remove plaque, it hardens and becomes calculus (tartar). Tartar can only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist. Once tartar forms, it’s harder to remove plaque. This can lead to gum disease.

Brushing twice daily and flossing once daily helps remove plaque before it turns into tartar.


Smoking is one of the leading risk factors for gum disease. Tobacco use can cause several problems for your gums, including:

-Inflammation: Smoking causes inflammation of the gums, which can lead to gum disease.

-Bacteria: Smoking can also promote the growth of bacteria in the mouth, which can cause gum disease.

-Damage: Smoking can damage the tissue around the teeth and make it more difficult for the body to repair this damage. This can lead to gum disease.

If you smoke, it's essential to quit. Quitting smoking is one of the best things you can do for your oral health. Several resources are available to help you quit smoking, so talk to your doctor or dentist about what might work best for you.

Certain Medications

Several medications can increase your risk for gum disease. These include:

-Certain types of antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl)

-Antidepressants, such as amitriptyline (Elavil)

-Beta-blockers, such as propranolol (Inderal)

-Calcium channel blockers, such as diltiazem (Cardizem)

-Certain types of cancer chemotherapy drugs

If you are taking any of these medications, be sure to tell your dentist or oral health care provider so that they can closely monitor your oral health.

Hormonal Changes

The hormonal changes that occur during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause can increase the risk for gum disease. The increased levels of hormones can cause changes in the gum tissue, making it more sensitive and prone to inflammation. This can lead to gingivitis, the early stage of gum disease. If not treated properly, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more serious form of gum disease.


Your risk for gum disease is affected by a variety of genetic factors. Here are some of the most important ones to be aware of:

  1. Family history. If your parents or grandparents had gum disease, you might be more likely to develop it yourself.

  2. Certain medical conditions. Some chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, can make you more susceptible to gum disease.

  3. Medications. Certain medications, such as steroids and chemotherapy drugs, can increase your risk for gum disease.

  4. Tobacco use. Smoking or using other forms of tobacco greatly increases your risk for gum disease and other oral health problems.

Poor Nutrition

Poor nutrition can increase your risk of gum disease in several ways. First, if you're not getting enough nutrients, your body may also be unable to fight off infection. This can lead to more bacterial growth in your mouth, which can contribute to gum disease. Additionally, certain nutrients are important for oral health; if you're not getting enough of them, your gums may be more susceptible to disease. Finally, poor nutrition can cause inflammation throughout the body, leading to gum disease.


Several factors can contribute to an increased risk for gum disease. One of the most common is stress. When you're under a lot of stress, your body's immune system isn't as effective at fighting off bacteria. This can increase the amount of plaque and tartar on your teeth, eventually leading to gum disease.

Other factors that can increase your risk for gum disease include smoking, poor oral hygiene, certain medications, and diabetes. If you have any risk factors, you must be extra diligent about caring for your teeth and gums. Be sure to brush, and floss regularly, and see your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings.

What are the symptoms of gum disease?

There are a few different symptoms of gum disease, and they can vary in severity. The first and most common symptom is bleeding gums. This can happen when you brush your teeth, floss, or even eat hard foods. Bleeding gums can also signify other dental problems, so you must see your dentist if you notice this symptom.

Other symptoms of gum disease include red, swollen, or tender gums; receding gums; bad breath; loose teeth; and a change in the fit of dentures or other dental appliances. If you have any of these symptoms, you must see your dentist immediately so the problem can be treated before it worsens.

Treatment options for gum disease

There are several treatment options for gum disease, depending on the severity of the condition. Gum disease can be reversed early in its early stages with good oral hygiene and regular professional cleanings. More advanced cases may require more aggressive treatments, such as periodontal surgery or antibiotic therapy.

Good oral hygiene is essential for preventing and treating gum disease. Be sure to brush your teeth twice a day and floss daily. Professional cleanings from your dentist or hygienist can remove plaque and tartar buildup that brushing and flossing alone cannot reach. If your gum disease is more advanced, your dentist may recommend additional treatments, such as:

Scaling and Root Planing: This nonsurgical procedure removes plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line. It also roughs up the tooth root so that future plaque buildup will be harder to attach.

Periodontal Surgery: In some cases, periodontal surgery may be necessary to remove deep pockets of infection or repair damaged gum tissue.

Antibiotic Therapy: Antibiotics may be prescribed in pill form or applied directly to the gums to help control bacterial infections associated with gum disease.


Gum disease is a serious condition that can lead to tooth loss and other oral health issues. Taking care of your gums by brushing, flossing, and visiting the dentist regularly are the best ways to prevent gum disease. Additionally, being aware of the top 5 factors that can increase your risk for gum disease will help you take proactive steps to keep your gums healthy. With proper dental hygiene and regular check-ups with your dentist, you can reduce your chance of developing gum disease or stop it from progressing into more advanced stages.