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What are Different Types of Gum Disease, and How to Cure Them?
December 23, 2022  |  Periodontal Gum Disease

What are Different Types of Gum Disease, and How to Cure Them?

Gum disease is a serious oral health condition affecting millions worldwide. It typically involves inflammation and infection of the gum tissue, leading to pain, loss of teeth, and in some cases, even death. While it is treatable in most cases, prevention is crucial to avoid the serious complications associated with gum disease. This article will discuss the different types of gum disease and how they can be treated. We’ll also discuss preventive measures you can take to keep your teeth healthy and your gums free from infection. Finally, we’ll explore natural remedies that you might want to consider if you are looking for an alternative to traditional medical treatments.

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is a serious infection of the gums that can lead to tooth loss. It is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth. Plaque irritates the gums and causes them to bleed. If plaque is not removed, it hardens into tartar, which is even more difficult to remove. Tartar can cause the gums to become inflamed and swollen. The inflammation can damage the bone that supports the teeth.

Gum disease is classified into three stages: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease and can be reversed with good oral hygiene. Periodontitis is more severe and can lead to bone loss and tooth loss if not treated. Advanced periodontitis is the most severe form of gum disease and can result in extensive bone loss and tooth loss.

Treatment for gum disease depends on the stage of the disease. Good oral hygiene, including brushing twice daily and flossing daily, is essential for preventing gum disease and treating gingivitis. More advanced forms of gum disease may require deep cleanings, antibiotics, or surgery.

The Different Types of Gum Disease

Gum disease is an infection of the gums that can progress to affect the bone supporting the teeth. There are different types of gum disease, each with its symptoms and treatment options.

The most common type of gum disease is gingivitis, which is characterized by swollen, red, and bleeding gums. Gingivitis is caused by plaque buildup on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and gums. If not removed, plaque can harden into tartar, further irritating the gums and leading to gum disease.

Treatment for gingivitis includes daily brushing, flossing, and regular professional cleanings. If caught early, gingivitis is reversible. However, if left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis.

Periodontitis is a more serious form of gum disease that damages the gum tissue and bone supporting the teeth. Symptoms include receding gums, bad breath, loose teeth, and pus between the teeth and gums. Treatment for periodontitis typically involves a deep cleaning (scaling and root planing) followed by antibiotics or other medications to control the infection. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to restore damage caused by periodontitis.

If you think you may have gum disease, you must see your dentist for an evaluation to receive proper treatment.

How to Prevent Gum Disease

Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease and can often be reversed with good oral hygiene. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth. If not removed, it can harden into tartar, irritating your gums and leading to gingivitis.

To prevent gum disease:

-Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.

-Floss daily to remove plaque from areas your toothbrush can't reach.

-Visit your dentist regularly for professional cleanings and checkups.

If you already have gum disease, it's important to control it to prevent further damage to your gums and teeth. Once gum disease progresses, it can be difficult to reverse. Therefore, it's essential to see your dentist if you suspect you may have gum disease so that they can treat it in its early stages.

How to Treat Gum Disease

If you have gum disease, treating it as soon as possible is essential. Gum disease can be treated with several different methods, depending on the severity of the disease.

A good dental hygiene routine for mild gum disease, including regular brushing and flossing, can effectively reverse the disease. If your gum disease is more advanced, you may need to see a dentist or periodontist for more aggressive treatment. This can include scaling and root planing (deep cleaning), prescription mouthwashes, and/or antibiotics. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to treat gum disease.

If you think you may have gum disease, it is important to see a dentist as soon as possible for an evaluation. Early diagnosis and treatment of gum disease can help prevent further damage to your teeth and gums.


Gum disease is a common and serious condition that, if left untreated, can cause major damage to your oral health. Fortunately, various gum disease treatments are available that can help restore your teeth and gums to their former glory. We hope this article has given you a better understanding of different gum diseases, how they affect the mouth, and which methods can be used for treatment. Through proper care and regular dental check-ups with your dentist or hygienist, you can keep your smile looking beautiful for years to come!